The town situated on a terrace of tufaceous rock with a shear drop to the sea, on the coast of the Sorrento Peninsula that looks out over the Gulf of Naples. It has about 20.000 inhabitants.
Its origins are probably Greek, it is remembered for two rebellions against Rome in 216 and 90 B.C. during the social wars: once dominated, it hosted a colony, and became a borough with the name of Surrentum at the beginning of the empire period, a privileged vacation spot for the Roman aristocracy.
Episcopal seat since 420 A.D. in 552 A.D. it passed to the Byzantines, and from the IX century it was a self-governing Dukedom, at war with the nearby cities of Amalfi and Salerno. In 1137 the Dukedom was incorporated in the Norman Reign, since then it was followed the political fate of Naples.
The historical centre still shows the right-angled markings of Greek-Roman origin, and it is surrounded by a perimeter-wall first built by the Romans in the first century B.D. and braced in the XVI century. Here we find the Dome rebuilt in the XV century with a neo-gothic facade and the church of San Francis of Assisi, with a noteworthy convent of XIV century.
The Correale museum displays the collection of Greek and Roman artefacts, and porcelains of Capodimonte, with a section of paintings from the XVII to the XIX century. From the park of the museum, you can enjoy a magnificent view of the Gulf of Naples. Near Punta del Capo, 3 km to the west we find the Roman ruins thought to be the villa of Pollio Felice (I century A.D.).
The local economy is predominantly based on tourism, cultural activities, agriculture and the characteristic inlaid handcrafts.